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Safari Can’t Establish a Secure Connection | How to Fix Error? 8 Ways to Solve It

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fixing the safari can't establish a secure connection

“Safari Can’t Establish a Secure Connection” This error is the worst in Safari, everyone wants to eliminate that. So I have decided to share my experience with you. Let me share all the methods that I used to fix my browser. So let’s start.

What’s the “Safari Can’t Establish a Secure Connection to the Server” Error?

The “Safari Secure Connection to the Server” error is a message displayed in Apple’s Safari web browser when the browser encounters difficulties establishing a secure connection with a website.

It typically occurs when Safari attempts to connect to a website over HTTPS (Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure) but encounters obstacles in verifying the site’s SSL/TLS certificate or establishing a secure and encrypted connection.

Resolving this error often involves troubleshooting steps such as clearing browser cache and cookies, checking the SSL/TLS certificate validity of the website, ensuring a stable internet connection, updating Safari, adjusting browser settings, and verifying system date and time accuracy.

However, if the issue persists, it might require contacting the website’s administrator or technical support for further assistance in resolving server-side problems or SSL certificate issues.

Fixing the ‘Can’t Establish’ Error

Resolving the “Can’t Establish” error in Safari involves several troubleshooting steps to ensure a secure and successful connection with websites. Start by verifying your internet connection’s stability.

Clearing Safari’s cache and cookies can often resolve issues caused by corrupted or outdated data. Ensure that your device’s date and time settings are accurate, as incorrect settings can interfere with SSL certificate verification.

Additionally, updating Safari to the latest version and disabling or adjusting browser extensions or settings that might conflict with secure connections can help.

Checking the SSL/TLS certificate of the website you’re trying to access is valid and not expired is crucial.

If all else fails, consider using Safari’s private browsing mode or reaching out to the website’s support team to address any server-related issues.

By systematically troubleshooting these potential causes, users can often resolve the “Can’t Establish” error in Safari and establish a secure connection to websites without encountering this issue.

What Factors Cause “Safari Can’t Establish a Secure Connection to the Server” Error?

The “Safari Secure Connection to the Server” error can stem from various factors related to the browser, the website being accessed, or the user’s device:

SSL/TLS Certificate Issues

Websites utilize SSL/TLS certificates to establish secure connections. If a website’s certificate is expired, invalid, or misconfigured, Safari may fail to validate it, triggering the error.

Internet Connection Problems

An unstable or weak internet connection can hinder Safari’s ability to establish a secure connection with the server. Intermittent connectivity issues can lead to this error.

Browser Cache and Cookies

Corrupted or outdated cache and cookies associated with the website can interfere with Safari’s attempts to establish a secure connection. Clearing these might resolve the issue.

Browser Extensions or Settings

Certain browser extensions, security settings, or restrictions within Safari might conflict with the secure connection process, causing the error.

System Date and Time Settings

Incorrect device date and time settings can impact SSL certificate validation, causing failures in establishing secure connections.

Server-Side Problems

Sometimes, the issue might lie on the website’s server. Server misconfigurations, expired certificates, or other server-related problems can result in the error.

Identifying and addressing these factors involves troubleshooting steps such as clearing browser data, checking SSL certificates, verifying internet connectivity, adjusting browser settings, and ensuring accurate device date and time.

Resolving the error often requires a systematic approach to rule out potential causes.

8 Expert Solutions to Get You Back Online “Safari Can’t Establish a Secure Connection to the Server”

here are some expert solutions to address the error and get you back online:

1. Check Your Internet Connection

Verifying your internet connection is a crucial step when troubleshooting the error. Here’s how you can check your internet connection in detail:

Wi-Fi or Ethernet Connection: Ensure that your device (computer, smartphone, etc.) is connected to a stable Wi-Fi network or through an Ethernet cable for a wired connection.

Signal Strength: For Wi-Fi connections, check the signal strength by looking at the Wi-Fi icon on your device. A stronger signal usually indicates a better connection.

Router or Modem Issues: Restart your router or modem. Sometimes, restarting these devices can resolve temporary connectivity issues.

Check Other Devices: If possible, check if other devices connected to the same network are experiencing internet connectivity problems. This helps determine if the issue is specific to your device or the network itself.

Network Speed Test: Use online speed test tools to check your internet speed. Slow speeds might indicate issues with your internet service provider (ISP).

Troubleshoot Network Settings: On your device, navigate to network settings and ensure there are no specific restrictions or configurations that might hinder internet access.

Contact ISP: If you’ve tried these steps and your internet connection is consistently slow or unreliable, contact your ISP for further assistance. They can diagnose and address any network-related issues that might be affecting your connection.

Verifying and ensuring a stable and reliable internet connection is the first step in troubleshooting connectivity problems, which can often resolve issues related to Safari’s inability to establish secure connections with websites.

2. Clear Safari Cache and Cookies

Clearing Safari’s cache and cookies can help resolve issues related to stored data that might interfere with browsing or cause errors like that. Here’s a detailed guide:

Open Safari Preferences:

Launch Safari on your Mac.

In the top menu, click on “Safari” and select “Preferences.”

Access Privacy Settings:

In the Preferences window, click on the “Privacy” tab.

Manage Website Data:

Click on the “Manage Website Data” button. This will display a list of stored website data, including cache and cookies.

Remove Cache and Cookies:

To clear cache and cookies, click on “Remove All” to delete all stored website data.

Alternatively, you can selectively remove data by selecting specific websites from the list and clicking “Remove” for individual entries.

Confirm Removal:

Safari will ask for confirmation to delete the selected data. Click on “Remove Now” to confirm the action.

Restart Safari:

After clearing the cache and cookies, close the Preferences window and restart Safari to apply the changes.

Additional Tip: Clear History (Optional):

If needed, you can also clear your browsing history by going to “History” in the top menu and selecting “Clear History.”

This step is optional and removes your browsing history in addition to cache and cookies.

By clearing Safari’s cache and cookies, you effectively remove stored website data that might have become corrupted or outdated, potentially resolving issues that could prevent Safari from establishing secure connections with websites.

Remember, this action will sign you out of websites and remove personalized settings on those sites, so be prepared to re-enter credentials and settings as needed.

3. Update Safari

To update Safari on a Mac, follow these steps:

Check for macOS Updates:

Click on the Apple logo in the top-left corner of your screen.

Select “System Preferences.”

Click on “Software Update.” This will check for any available updates for your macOS, including Safari.

Update Safari Specifically:

If Safari updates are available, they will be included in the macOS updates. Click on “Update Now” if Safari is listed among the available updates.

Install the Updates:

Follow the on-screen instructions to install the updates. Your Mac might require a restart after the update process completes.

Check Safari Version:

After restarting, open Safari.

Click on “Safari” in the top menu and select “About Safari” to verify that you have the latest version installed.

Automatic Updates (Optional):

To enable automatic updates for Safari and other system software, go to “System Preferences” > “Software Update” and check the box for “Automatically keep my Mac up to date.”

Keeping Safari updated ensures that you have the latest security patches, bug fixes, and improvements, which might help resolve issues, including errors related to secure connections with websites.

4. Check the System Date and Time

Verifying and adjusting the system date and time on your device is crucial, as incorrect settings can lead to SSL/TLS certificate validation errors, causing the issue. Here’s how to check and adjust the date and time settings on macOS:

Click on the Apple Logo:

In the top-left corner of your screen, click on the Apple logo.

Open System Preferences:

From the dropdown menu, select “System Preferences.”

Select Date & Time:

In the System Preferences window, click on “Date & Time.”

Unlock for Changes (if needed):

If the lock icon at the bottom left is locked, click on it and enter your administrator password to make changes.

Adjust Date and Time:

Ensure that “Set date and time automatically” is selected to sync with the internet server’s time.

Alternatively, you can manually set the date and time by deselecting the automatic option and adjusting it accordingly.

Select the Correct Time Zone:

Ensure that the time zone selected is accurate for your location.

Close System Preferences:

After making adjustments, close the System Preferences window.

Correctly setting the date, time, and time zone on your device helps ensure that SSL certificates are properly validated during secure connections.

This can mitigate issues related to SSL/TLS certificate verification errors in Safari.

5. Disable Website Restrictions and Extensions

Disabling website restrictions and browser extensions in Safari can help troubleshoot issues related to the error. Here’s a guide on how to disable these in Safari:

Disable Website Restrictions:

  1. Open Safari Preferences:
    • Launch Safari on your Mac.
    • Click on “Safari” in the top menu bar and select “Preferences.”
  2. Access Websites Preferences:
    • In the Preferences window, click on the “Websites” tab.
  3. Manage Website Restrictions:
    • On the left sidebar, you’ll see various categories like Camera, Microphone, Location, etc.
    • Click on each category to review and adjust website-specific permissions or restrictions.
    • Disable any restrictions that might be affecting the website you’re trying to access.
  4. Close Preferences:
    • Once adjustments are made, close the Preferences window.

Disable Browser Extensions:

  1. Open Safari Preferences:
    • Follow the steps mentioned above to access Safari Preferences.
  2. Select Extensions:
    • In the Preferences window, click on the “Extensions” tab.
  3. Disable Extensions:
    • Uncheck the boxes next to the extensions listed to disable them temporarily.
    • Alternatively, you can click on an extension and select “Uninstall” to remove it completely.
  4. Close Preferences:
    • After disabling or removing extensions, close the Preferences window.

Disabling website restrictions and extensions can help rule out any conflicts or settings that might be interfering with Safari’s ability to establish secure connections with certain websites.

If the error persists after disabling these settings, it might be worth re-enabling them and exploring other troubleshooting steps.

6. Use Private Browsing Mode

Activating Private Browsing Mode in Safari can sometimes help bypass certain issues related to stored data and settings that could interfere with secure connections. Here’s how to use Private Browsing Mode in Safari:

  1. Open Safari:
    • Launch Safari on your Mac.
  2. Activate Private Browsing:
    • In the top menu, click on “File.”
    • Select “New Private Window” from the dropdown menu.
  3. Private Browsing Window:
    • A new Safari window will open with a dark background and a “Private” indicator in the address bar.
    • You are now in Private Browsing Mode. Any browsing done in this window won’t be stored in your browsing history, and it won’t access saved cookies or cache data from regular browsing sessions.
  4. Access Websites:
    • Enter the URL of the website you’re trying to access in the Private Browsing window.
    • Private Browsing Mode might help bypass any issues caused by stored cache, cookies, or browsing history related to that specific site.
  5. Exit Private Browsing:
    • To exit Private Browsing Mode, simply close the Private Window.
    • Any data or browsing history from the Private Browsing session won’t be saved once you close the window.

Using Private Browsing Mode can be beneficial in troubleshooting issues like the error, as it prevents Safari from using stored data that might cause conflicts during connections to certain websites.

7. Reset Safari Settings

Resetting Safari settings can resolve various issues, including those related to security, cache, and cookies. However, it’s important to note that resetting will remove personalized settings and data. Here’s how to reset Safari settings on a Mac:

Open Safari:

Launch Safari on your Mac.

Access Safari Preferences:

Click on “Safari” in the top menu bar.

Select “Preferences” from the dropdown menu.

Go to Privacy Tab:

In the Preferences window, click on the “Privacy” tab.

Manage Website Data:

Click on “Manage Website Data.”

Remove All Website Data:

In the dialog box that appears, click on “Remove All.”

This action clears cache, cookies, and stored website data.

Go to General Tab:

Navigate to the “General” tab in Safari Preferences.

Reset Safari:

At the bottom of the General tab, click on “Remove All Website Data.”

Confirm the action by selecting “Remove Now.”

Restart Safari:

Close the Preferences window.

Quit Safari and then reopen it.

Additional Step (Optional):

If issues persist, consider resetting other Safari settings by going to Safari Preferences > Advanced and clicking “Reset All…”. This will revert various settings to default.

Resetting Safari settings clears browsing history, cache, cookies, and other website data.

It can help resolve issues related to stored data conflicts that might interfere with secure connections, but it also resets personalized settings, so it’s important to keep that in mind before proceeding.

8. Check SSL Settings

In Safari, SSL settings are typically managed automatically to ensure secure connections to websites. However, checking and adjusting SSL settings directly within Safari is not a standard user-accessible feature.

Safari handles SSL/TLS (Secure Socket Layer/Transport Layer Security) protocols and certificate validations behind the scenes to:

Establish Secure Connections:

To ensure proper SSL settings are in place and to troubleshoot SSL-related issues that might cause the error, you can:

  1. Ensure Secure Website Prefixes:
    • When visiting a website, make sure the URL starts with “https://” rather than “http://”. The “s” in “https” indicates a secure connection.
  2. Verify Padlock Icon and SSL Certificates:
    • Check for a padlock icon in the address bar. It signifies that the website is using SSL encryption.
    • Click on the padlock icon to view details about the SSL certificate. Ensure it’s valid and issued by a trusted certificate authority.
  3. Clear SSL State (Advanced Option):
    • While Safari doesn’t provide direct access to SSL settings, you can clear the SSL state:
      • Go to Safari Preferences > Advanced.
      • Check the box that says “Show Develop menu in menu bar.”
      • From the Develop menu, choose “Empty Caches” and “Clear Cookies.”
  4. Restart Safari and Revisit the Website:
    • After clearing caches and cookies, restart Safari and try visiting the website again to see if the error persists.
  5. Check for Updates:
    • Ensure Safari is updated to the latest version. Updates often include security patches and improvements related to SSL/TLS connections.

For advanced users or developers, further SSL settings and diagnostics can be managed through system-level tools or additional software, but these steps are usually beyond the scope of typical user configurations in Safari.

If issues persist or if you suspect a specific SSL-related problem, it might be advisable to consult with a technical expert or the website’s support team for further guidance.


How to fix Safari could not establish a secure connection to the server?

  1. The “Safari can’t establish a secure connection to the server” error. …
  2. Clear the browser cache in Safari. …
  3. Clear your entire browsing history. …
  4. Find the date and time option in the preferences. …
  5. Verify that you are using the correct date and time. …
  6. Find the network option in the preferences. …
  7. Click on the DNS tab.

Why does Safari keep saying the connection is not secure?

If an unencrypted website has requested your password or credit card information.

How do you fix a secure connection that Cannot be established?

6 Ways to Fix “This Site Can’t Provide a Secure Connection” Error

  1. Install an SSL Certificate. …
  2. Force an HTTPS Connection. …
  3. Reinstall the SSL Certificate. …
  4. Reset the SSL Cache and Clear the Browser Cache. …
  5. Turn off the QUIC Protocol Support. …
  6. Check the Date and Time Settings.

How to clear Safari cache?

  1. Select Menu, then More.
  2. Select Settings.
  3. Under “Privacy settings”, select Clear cache, Clear history, or Clear all cookie data as appropriate, and then OK to accept.

What happens if I visit an unsecured website?

These include stealing sensitive information, altering exchanged data, redirecting to malicious sites, and engaging in man-in-the-middle attacks or eavesdropping.


In addressing the Safari error, the article offers a comprehensive guide to troubleshooting this issue within Safari.

It covers a range of potential causes, detailed solutions, and steps users can take to resolve the problem.

From checking internet connectivity to adjusting browser settings and verifying SSL certificates, the article provides a thorough exploration of various troubleshooting methods.

The aim is to empower users to navigate and resolve common issues encountered when Safari encounters difficulty establishing secure connections with websites.

It emphasizes the importance of maintaining an updated browser, managing cache and cookies, and ensuring accurate system settings to mitigate SSL-related errors.

By providing a step-by-step approach and highlighting key actions to take, the article equips readers with practical solutions to address this particular error in Safari.

Overall, it serves as a valuable resource for users encountering this issue, enabling them to troubleshoot effectively and restore secure connections while browsing.